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Legal Term Glossary

General Legal Terms

Search for glossary terms (regular expression allowed)


Term Main definition

The public officer authorized to preside over, hear and determine cases in a court of law.

Judge Pro Tempore

A person assigned to perform the duties of a judge on a temporary basis.


The official decision by a court regarding the rights and claims of the person to a civil or criminal lawsuit.

Judicial Performance Review

The process, as required by the Arizona Constitution, to periodically review the performance of judges appointed by the governor.


The court that is in charge depending on the geographic area, type of case, or amount of money involved.

Jury Commissioner

Court officer who ensures that potential jurors are available to serve when needed by the courts.

Jury Foreman

The presiding member of the grand or petit jury, chosen by the members, who speaks or answers for the jury.

Justice Court

A lower, limited jurisdiction court. In justice courts, the judges are elected officials called Justices of the Peace.

Synonyms - justice

Any person under 18 years of age.